رَبَّنَآ إِنَّنَآ ءَامَنَّا فَاغْفِرْ لَنَا ذُنُوبَنَا وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ
“Our Lord! We have indeed believed, so forgive us our sins and save us from the punishment of the Fire.”
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The following is taken from Tafsir Ibn Kathir (dar-us-salam publications)
The Supplication of Al-Muttaqin
Allah describes the Muttaqin, His pious servants, whom He promised tremendous rewards,
(الَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَآ إِنَّنَآ ءَامَنَّا)
(Those who say: “Our Lord! We have indeed believed”) in You, Your Book and Your Messenger.
(فَاغْفِرْ لَنَا ذُنُوبَنَا)
(so forgive us our sins) because of our faith in You and in what You legislated for us. Therefore, forgive us our errors and shortcomings, with Your bounty and mercy,
(وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ)
(and save us from the punishment of the Fire.)
رَبَّنَا اصْرِفْ عَنَّا عَذَابَ جَهَنَّمَ ۖ إِنَّ عَذَابَهَا كَانَ غَرَامًا
إِنَّهَا سَاءَتْ مُسْتَقَرًّا وَمُقَامًا
[Surah Furqaan 25:65-66]
“Our Lord! Avert from us the torment of Hell. Verily! Its torment is ever an inseparable, permanent punishment.Evil indeed it (Hell) is as an abode and as a place to dwell.”
[Muhsin Khan Translation]
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From Tafsir Ibn Kathir
(وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا اصْرِفْ عَنَّا عَذَابَ جَهَنَّمَ إِنَّ عَذَابَهَا كَانَ غَرَاماً )
(And those who say: “Our Lord! Avert from us the torment of Hell. Verily, its torment is ever an inseparable punishment.”) meaning, ever-present and never ending.
Al-Hasan said concerning the Ayah,
(إِنَّ عَذَابَهَا كَانَ غَرَاماً)
(Verily, its torment is ever an inseparable, permanent punishment.) Everything that strikes the son of Adam, then disappears, does not constitute an inseparable, permanent punishment. The inseparable, permanent punishment is that which lasts as long as heaven and earth. This was also the view of Sulayman At-Taymi.
(إِنَّهَا سَآءَتْ مُسْتَقَرّاً وَمُقَاماً )
(Evil indeed it is as an abode and as a place to rest in.) means, how evil it looks as a place to dwell and how evil it is as a place to rest.
Du’a of Prophet Ibrahim ( alaihi as-salam)
Rabbi ij`alnee muqeema as-salaati wa min thurreeyyatee
Rabbanaa wa taqabbal du`aa
O my Lord! Make me one who performs As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât ),
and (also) from my offspring, Our Lord! And accept my invocation
[Surah Ibrahim: 14:40]
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Rabbij-‘al haazal-balada ‘aaminan wajnubnee wa baniyya ‘an na’budal-‘asnaam.
O my Lord! Make this city (Makkah) one of peace and security, and keep me and my sons away from worshipping idols [Soorah Ibraaheem (14):35]
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Our Lord! Pour forth on us patience, and set firm our feet and make us victorious over the disbelieving people
Rabbanaa Afrigh Alaynaa Sabraw wa Thabbit Aqdaamanaa wan Surnaa alal Qawmil Kaafireen (Al Baqarah 250)
“Our Lord! Pour forth on us patience, and set firm our feet and make us victorious over the disbelieving people.”
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Read the context of this du’aa:
- The Story of the Jews Who sought a King to be appointed over Them … – Tafseer Ibn kathir
“Our Lord! Forgive me and my parents, and (all) the believers on the Day when the reckoning will be established” (Surah Ibraheem 14:41)
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Tafsir Ibn Kathir – Surah Ibraheem 14:41
(Our Lord! Forgive me and my parents,) Ibrahim said this before he declared himself innocent from his father, after he became sure that he was an enemy of Allah,
(and the believers), all of them,
(on the Day when the reckoning will be established.) on the Day when You will reckon Your servants and recompense or reward them for their deeds – good for good and evil for evil.
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Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring the comfort of our eyes, and make us leaders of those who have Taqwa
Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring the comfort of our eyes, and make us leaders of those who have Taqwa (25:74)
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Those Who Supplicate For Their Families And Offspring
وَٱلَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا هَبۡ لَنَا مِنۡ أَزۡوَٲجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّـٰتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعۡيُنٍ۬ وَٱجۡعَلۡنَا لِلۡمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا (٧٤)
<<And those who say: O our Lord ,grant us from our wives and offspring comfort to our eyes, and make us leaders who followed upon good by those dutiful Allaah.>> (25:74)
Shaikh ‘Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Naasir as –Sa’dee raimahullaah said that,
وَٱلَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا هَبۡ لَنَا مِنۡ أَزۡوَٲجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّـٰتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعۡيُنٍ۬ وَٱجۡعَلۡنَا
<< And those who say : O our Lord ,grant us from our wives..>>
Means ‘Our friends, our companions and wives’
وَذُرِّيَّـٰتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعۡيُنٍ۬
<<…and our offspring comfort to our eyes,>> means that they bring joy to our eyes.
If we study the condition and attributes of the slave of Most Merciful, we will know from their concern and from their high standing that joy would not be brought to their eyes unless they saw that they were people who are obedient to their Lord, upon knowledge and action.
Just as this is a supplication for the rectification of their wives and offspring, it is also a supplication for themselves, since its benefit returns to them. It is this reason that they take it to be a gift granted to them and therefore say,
<<…grant us (as a gift).>> Indeed their supplication brings benefit to the Muslims in general, since the rectification of those mentioned is a means of rectifying many other people who have a connection to them, and so benefit from them.
<<… and make us leaders who are followed upon good by those dutiful to Allaah,>> Then meaning of this is ‘O Lord, cause us to reach this high level’- the level of Siddeeqoon (the true and sincere followers of the Messengers, who attest to the truth) and the most complete of the righteous slaves of Allaah, which is the level of leadership in the Religion. They ask that, in their sayings and their actions, they should be made an example for those dutiful to Allaah, that their actions should be followed, that the people have confidence in their sayings, and that the people of good follow on behind then so that they, themselves are upon the guidance and give guidance to others.
As is known a supplication to attain something is also a supplication to whatever is essential to achieve its attainment. This level of leadership in religion cannot be achieved except by means of patient perseverance (sabr) and certain faith (Yaqeen, as He, The Most High, said:
وَجَعَلۡنَا مِنۡہُمۡ أَٮِٕمَّةً۬ يَہۡدُونَ بِأَمۡرِنَا لَمَّا صَبَرُواْۖ وَڪَانُواْ بِـَٔايَـٰتِنَا يُوقِنُونَ (٢٤
<<And we made from them leaders who were followed upon good, when they had patience and certain Faith in Our Signs>>[Sooratus-Sajdah(32):24]
This supplication therefore necessitates deeds , and patience upon obedience to Allaah; upon avoiding disobedience to Him; upon that which He has decreed to occur that is painful and upon complete knowledge which leads the person to the level of certain Faith(Yaqeen).Thus it results in the bountiful good and abundant award that they should be upon a level which, after then Messengers, is the highest possible level for the creation. Therefore, He will reward them with the highest levels.
Extracted from The book : The Characteristics of The Slave of The Merciful.
Translated By Aboo Talhah Dawood Ibn Ronald Burbank Rahimahullaah
Tafseer Ibn Kathir
(74. And those who say: “Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring the comfort of our eyes, and make us leaders of those who have Taqwa.”)
(And those who say: “Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring the comfort of our eyes…”) means those who ask Allah to bring forth from their loins offspring who will obey Him and worship Him and not associate anything in worship with Him. Ibn `Abbas said, “This means (offspring) who will strive to obey Allah and bring them joy in this world and the Hereafter.”
Imam Ahmad recorded that Jubayr bin Nufayr said: “We sat with Al-Miqdad bin Al-Aswad one day, and a man passed by and said, “How blessed are these two eyes which saw the Messenger of Allah ! Would that we had seen what you saw and witnessed what you witnessed.” Al-Miqdad got angry, and I was surprised, because the man had not said anything but good. Then he turned to him and said, “What makes a man wish to be present when Allah had caused him to be absent, and he does not know how he would have behaved if he had been there By Allah, there are people who saw the Messenger of Allah , and Allah will throw them on their faces in Hell because they did not accept him or believe in him. Are you not grateful that Allah brought you forth from your mothers’ wombs believing in your Lord and in what your Prophet brought, and that the test went to others and not to you Allah sent His Prophet during the most difficult time that any Prophet was ever sent, after a long period of ignorance, when the people could see no better religion than the worship of idols, and he brought the Criterion which distinguishes truth from falsehood and which would separate a father from his son. A man would realize that his father, son or brother was a disbeliever, and since Allah had opened his heart to Faith, he knew that if his relative died he would go to Hell, so he could not rest knowing that his loved one was in the Fire. This is what Allah referred to in the Ayah,
(And those who say: “Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring the comfort of our eyes…”) Its chain of narrators is Sahih, although they did not report it.
(and make us leaders of those who have Taqwa.) Ibn `Abbas, Al-Hasan, As-Suddi, Qatadah and Rabi` bin Anas said: “Leaders who would be taken as examples in good.” Others said: “Guides who would call others to goodness.” They wanted their worship to be connected to the worship of their children and offspring, and their guidance to go beyond themselves and benefit others. This would be more rewarding and a better end, as it was recorded in Sahih Muslim from Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allah said:
(When a son of Adam dies, his deeds cease apart from three: a righteous child who will pray for him, knowledge from which others may benefit after him, or ongoing charity.)